In terms of aptitude assessment, the Gubsomat represents an extension of the MIC module from the first selection step. In a test environment specifically designed for this purpose, the applicant has to handle coordination tasks in an environment modelled on actual air operations. The specific task is to use control inputs to coordinate the turn rate, the climb/descent rate and the speed within specified parameters. In addition, performance capacity is assessed with additional/parallel demands such as mental arithmetic/ logical tasks, symbol comparisons etc.
Preparation for Step 2 takes 1 to 2 days; even before attendance at one of the ATTC locations, a software training module is made available which is closely modelled on the actual test environment. Same as for the test in Zurich, the seminar will start with a standardisation or respectively a step-by-step introduction by an ATTC trainer. This will be followed by the training units based on individual training plans and in accordance with predefined targets under the supervision of the trainer. Here the particular focus is on the best possible distribution of the applicant's existing strengths to all of the individual requirements in this process.
Gubsomat has for many years now become a fixed part of the Swiss recruitment process. It has already been used for pilot selection in the SwissAir era. This explains our high level of experience and insights gained over this long period. Tactical planning of ATTC training is thus based on sound knowledge of the evaluation and selection mechanisms at the test in Zurich.
PIT is quite an accurate representation of a pilot's working environment, because test environment and procedure are even more closely modelled on work in a cockpit. Roughly speaking, procedures are the same as in general simulator screening, including the task of flying a course while maintaining certain specified parameters.
As in a real plane, the operational tasks for the pilot are in all three possible modi: acoustic, graphic, textual or a combination.
To this end, applicants sit in a closed simulator capsule known as PIT. In graphic mode, for example, courses are shown in colour segments on a map, with the colour indicating the respective task for each section of the course, e.g. blue means climb, yellow descent, black maintain height. The gradual increase of the work stress e.g. by additional tasks such as mental arithmetic, flying the "opposite course" or flight orders with up to 4 individual tasks take applicants to the limits of their capacities.
For the aptitude assessors of Swiss, this results in a range of interesting aspects for observation; for example, the procedure as described above can be used to assess stress tolerance, multi-tasking, as well as work flow and work flow management in a demanding test environment.
The preparation for PIT involves 2 to 5 training units over 2 days and is conducted as live training at the ATTC locations in Munich and Frankfurt. The structure of the training plan is closely modelled on the procedure in Zurich. Compared with Lufthansa, Swiss attaches significantly greater importance to the results in the test elements modelled on the actual work environment. With a good performance in the capacity assessment parts of the procedure, applicants are able to accrue an actual bonus for the final step in the selection process. For that reason, particular care is given at ATTC to the preparations for Step 2 Gubsumat and Step 3 PIT. The training units use only simulator trainers specifically standardised for the PIT procedure. Former Lufthansa applicants who failed in the psychological part of the DLR test for the FQ company assessment, but whose strengths lie in capacity tasks, have a real second chance in the Swiss selection procedure with its greater cockpit bias.
A typical PIT session consists of a comprehensive briefing, the actual flight and a debriefing with critical reappraisal of the training unit. Self-assessment is a firm part of the Zurich test procedure; for that reasons, applicants learn to present a self-reflection after each training unit. The gradual increase in demands is guided by individual performance levels; through the inclusion of stress-inducing elements, applicants learn to define reasonable priorities in the work flow and to deal with each task confidently and in a manner that complies with airline requirements.
In Step 5 of the Swiss procedure, the main focus of the assessment is on the applicant's psychological aspects.
As a rule, applicants have to do 2 assessment group role plays and thus demonstrate their ability to implement specified targets within a team. Step 5 of the procedure also includes testing applicants' knowledge in mathematics, physics and English. As the last element of the assessment, each applicant has to pass a concluding interview by the aptitude assessment panel, in which any open questions arising from the aptitude data gathered to that point will be clarified. In the Swiss process, the concluding interview generally takes approx. 2 hours.
Applicants are told the result of their assessment about 3 weeks later.
Seminar training starts with initial training units for the two group role plays, moderated by ATTC trainers. Their content is closely modelled on original test questions from the test in Zurich. The "script" for the Interview Training, as in the real test, also incorporates individual insights gained over the course of the seminar in addition to profile data from the psychological questions. In order to gain a better understanding of the role of the examining psychologists, the participants also take on the role of the AC observer and - as in the real test - complete the observation forms with the standard assessment criteria.
Training for the psychological part of Step 5 takes 2 days at the ATTC locations in Munich or Frankfurt and can be repeated as often as requires as part of each booking. Preparation for the knowledge tests in mathematics, physics and English already begins with Step 1 training.
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